Friday, March 1, 2019
Functionalist, conflict and the integrationist theories of education Essay
The juncturealist possibleness looks more into the ways that universal pedagogy serves the needs of the society. On the other hand, the bout supposition focuses on the function of gentility as perpetuating dissimilitude on the companionable aspect of emotional state and boosting the power of those who are dominant within the society. The interactionists conjecture limits its abbreviation on education to what happens directly in a schoolroom setup, as it looks into the instructors expectation from the learner and how it affects the learners performance, bearing and perception (Rappa 1976).The relationship of each theory to education Functionalist theory harmonise to this theory, the latent role of education is that it brings people in concert. In other row it enhances socialization within the society among the different people from diverse cultures, langu periods, color, age and interests. Through the interactions, people get to learn from one a nonher done the exchan ge of ideas and views regarding different areas of discussion. The other role of education is that it plays the role of passing(a) down karyon values and social control within the society. present moreFunctionalist Perspective on Social InstitutionsThe impinge theory experts progress insist on getting rid of modern exams, as agree to them all tests contain a knowledge base which is always culturally sensitive. On the other hand, the Conflict theorists look at education not as a social benefit or opportunity, but as a powerful means of maintaining power structures and creating a docile plump force for capitalism. The interactionists theory is relative to education in the sense that a teacher has more influence on the students within a classroom set up therefore the performance of a student is majorly found on the teacher judgment and effort (Brubacher 1962)The perspective of each theory The functionalists see education as a means of transmitting or perpetuating the core educat ional values from one generation to another. Additionally, they consider education as an important factor in separating the learners putting the basis of this preeminence as merit. The conflict theorists on the other hand see the educational system as perpetuating the status quo by dulling the lower classes into being gentle workers to the higher classes. The interactionists on the other hand, focus on the influence of the expectations of the teacher on the learners performance (Rappa 1976)Expectations of education from each theory The functionalists expect that universal education should serve the society by integrate the people within a society, and helping in transmitting the core values of the society. The conflict theorists expect that education will maintain inequality within the society, by preserving the power of those who are dominating the society. The interactionists expectations are that the teachers anticipation from the students should have an impact on their perfor mance, regardless of its compulsory or negative nature (Rappa 1976). ComparisonThe functionalist and conflict theorists concur on that education is a tool to be used for sorting turn out the different learners. Further, the functionalists argue that schools sort students based on merit, art object the conflict theorists argue that schools sort out students along class and tribal lines (Schon, 1983). The conflict theory puts more focus on competition between groups, while the functionalist theorists focus on balance and stability within a social system. Additionally, conflict theorists focus on society as made up of social relations characterized by inequality and change.Functionalism perceives the society as a complex phenomenon or system of interrelated parts working together to maintain the desired stability (Brubacher 1962) Analysis of personal selected philosophical system and philosopher Aristotle His philosophy is education for producing quality citizens who are virtuous. He further put regard on human nature, habit and reason as the vital forces to be expected from and by means of education. For instance, he considered repetition to be a draw tool towards the development of good habits from the teachers systematic focus of the different students (Schon, 1983).Aristotle put more weight on balancing the supposed and practical aspects of the subjects taught. Additionally, he argues that the explicitly important subjects include reading, writing and mathematics. base on the discussion, it can thus be considered that Aristotles mentation fits into the ideas of the functionalist theory (Rappa 1976). Conclusion Having discussed the different educational theories, it can be argued that these educational a priori models are paramount as far as education is concerned, as they bring about an understanding of how different people perceive education.Further, it is through these differences that different people come together and reason towards reaching a solid conclusion, which contributes to an advancement in the field of education because trough discussions raw ideas are established. Additionally, these theories help the members of society realize diversity in their thinking and perception of things. References Brubacher, S. (1962). Modem Philosophies of Education. New York Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Pg 114 Rappa, S. (1976). Education in a Free Society An American History. Philadelphia David McKay Company Inc. pp 59 Schon, D. (1983). The meditative practitioner. New York Basic Books.