Sunday, March 10, 2019
A History of Journalism in the Philippines Essay
Revolution, the press, which plays a steady role in the promotion of truth, justice, and democracy, and of peace, progress, and prosperity, was liberated from dictatorship. During this period, crony news themes were closed and the interior(a) stir Club and the Filipino Press pi unitaryer were revived to professionalize mass media in the country. During this period, significant changes, advances, and developments drive taken place in Filipino journalism. Newspapers and periodicals have expanded in pages, sections, coverages, and circulations.They have become venues of rude(a) issues like death penalty, charter change, juetengate scandal, and visiting forces agreement, and of diverse issues about the civilized society, land reform, human rights, genders issues, and other atomic number 18as that before the 1986 EDSA Revolution were previously disregard or minimally covered. Some investigative reports have led to bring forward investigations, have enhanced transparency, and h ave reduced corruption in the judiciary, executive, and legislative branches of the government.These developments are attributed to the continuing efforts of the newspaper and the periodical industry and their research and schoolman organizations the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, which conducts rigorous research in the personal business of the state the Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility, which upgrades professionalism and responsibility of media practiti unityrs with seminars, workshops, and publications the Philippine Press Institute, which conducts trainings and sponsors the Annual Community Press Awards that recognizes excellence among provincial newspapers and periodicals and the Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication, which offers graduate studies in journalism and in communication perplexity and conducts media research, interim training, and policy advocacy.In 1998, there are 14 unremarkable broadsheets and 19 tabloids published in Met roManila. Among the broadsheets with the biggest circulations imply the Manila publicise with a claimed circulation of 280 000 on weekdays and three hundred 000 on weekends and the Philippine Daily inquirer with a claimed circulation of 260 000 on weekdays and 280 000 on weekends. Among the tabloids with the biggest circulations allow in the Abante with a claimed circulation of 417 600 and the Peoples Journal with a claimed circulation of 382 000. Out of the 408 provincial newspapers and periodicals, 30 are printed daily, 292 are published weekly, and the rest are circulated either monthly or quarterly.Today, establish from the 2000 Philippine Media Fact Book, there are 559 print publications, 475 broadsheets, 45 magazines, and 39 tabloids and comics 22 percent are published in the National jacket Region, 12 broadsheets, 17 tabloids, 32 magazines, 39 comics, and 5 Chinese newspapers. Among the broadsheets with the biggest circulations include the Philippine Daily Inquirer with a daily circulation of 257 416, followed by the Philippine Star, 251 000, and the Manila air, 240 000. Other broadsheets with their daily circulation are as follows Today, 152 268 Kabayan, 150 000 Malaya, cxxxv 193 Manila Standard, 96 310 lie Star Manila, 87 000 Philippine Post, 78 218 The Manila Times, 75 000 Business World, 61 283 and The Daily Tribune, 50 000.Among the tabloids with the biggest circulations include Bulgar with a daily circulation of 448 450, followed by the Peoples Journal, 382 200, and the Peoples Tonight, 365 811. Other tabloids with their daily circulation are as follows Remate, 310 000 Abante, 260 000 Bandera, 253 523 Pilipino Star Ngayon, 250 200, Peoples Bagong Taliba, 210 000 Balita, 175 725 Tempo, 160 000 Abante Tonight, 150 000 Isyu, 126 835 Saksi Ngayon, 100 000 Remate Tonight, 90 000 Balita sa Hapon, 35 000 and Sun Star Bulilit, 30 000.Among the Sunday supplements of daily newspapers, Panorama of the ManilaBulletin has the highest number of circulat ion, 300 000, followed by the Sunday Inquirer Magazine of the Philippine daily Inquirer, 268 575, and the Starweek Magazine of the Philippine Star, 268 000. Among the entertainment magazines, Glitter has the highest number of circulation with 300 000, followed by the Pilipino Reporter News Magazine, 188 192, and the Woman Today, 184 900.__________________________________________________________Inquiry, Dissent, and StruggleJavier Flores and Ava Vivian GonzalesThough the Philippine collegian retains the singular distinction of being the most illustrious campus paper in the country, there is no single college boy. A rummage through the archives, through pages crumbling with age, reveals an impermanence of its character.There are indeed as some(prenominal) versions of the Collegian as there are batches of writers and students, and passing crises peculiar to divergent times. Each generation names its knowledge foes.The process of writing, subversive as it is, fords the inter-generat ional divide. Such exercise puts one upon inquiry, the starting point of advocacy. When one writes, one requires breathing space the right to dissect any topic infra the sun and in the domain of heaven, and the right non to be interfered with in so doing. The practice of interrogating accepted modes of thinking and overturning paradigms breeds criticism of the powers that be.In the Collegians storied past, this criticism, coming at times when to be inform was an offense, was not always welcome. There were issues which came out with white spaces where towers should have been. Homobono Adaza, then(prenominal) editor in chief (EIC), was removed from office for writing an editorial against the UP Administration. During the Martial Law years, staffers were threatened that they would not graduate if they persisted inattacking the government. The bright lives of some of its editors Abraham Sarmiento Jr., Antonio Tagamolila, and Enrique Voltaire Garcia III, among a host of others, were snuffed out.The history of the Collegian is likewise replete with struggles against those who desired to shackle the freedom of writers the fight against subdued provisions on the selection of judges for the editorial exam the skirmish to abolish the position of a faculty adviser who had to sign both page proof of the paper and the endeavor to take care of its own coffers without the Administration holding its finances hostage.Since the birth of Collegian in 1922, generations of writers have dipped their pens into the inkwell of society racked with vicissitudes. The Collegian was a party in their efforts to resolve the varied inequities of the times with articles that seared, and commentaries that burned. It is imperative that we turn the page to incite us of the efforts of those who came before us.Perfection lies not behind us, but forth of us. It is not a forsaken paradise, but a territory we must one day conquer, a city we must one day build. Nevertheless, it is not a mortal sin to occasionally contemplate the cornerstones that have been situated by those before us to show us what is possible.